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Parvo Virus For Dogs
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|Author||Topic: Parvo Virus For Dogs|
posted 08-19-2002 09:00 PM
My friend is in desperate help for her dog. She has asked me to find help on the web for her. Her dog has a virus called Parvo. The vet told her that her dog's intestines are being turned inside out. It is very sad for he only has a 50/50 chance of living. We have heard that it is contagious to dogs but she would like to know if it is contagious to humans but more importantly cats. Please help us with whatever helpful information you ahve about this Parvo Virus.
posted 08-19-2002 09:19 PM
Parvovirus or Parvo, is life threatening virus that affects dogs. It is the most common viral disease in dogs. It primarily affects puppies. The most common age for infection is between 2-6 months of age, but infection can occur at any age. All breeds are susceptible to this virus. Some breeds such as Dobermans, rottweilers and Labradors are more susceptible to Parvo than others. It is not known why this is.
Parvo is spread through the feces of dogs infected with the virus. The dog does not actually have to come in contact with another sick dog. While Parvo cannot be spread to or from, humans or other pets, the virus can be carried in to the dog’s environment on someone’s shoes, or by birds or other animals who have come in contact with infected feces. Parvo can survive in an environment for as long as 9 months. The only disinfectant known to kill Parvo is chlorine bleach. A 1:30 ratio of chlorine bleach in water has been known to be effective for sanitizing contaminated areas. Any area known to be contaminated should be thoroughly sanitized.
The disease usually enters the dog’s system by oral ingestion. It attacks the digestive system, inhibiting them from absorbing nutrients. It also causes severe diarrhea and often vomiting, dehydration is common. It also suppresses white blood cells and may attack the heart as well.
Symptoms of Parvo include high fever, loss of appetite, lethargy, and vomiting. There is no cure for Parvo. Veterinarians can help infected dogs by treating the symptoms and dehydration. Most dogs die if they do not receive veterinary attention. With veterinary attention, a dog has a reasonably good chance of survival. Early detection is important. Some vets have been trying antitoxins and antiparvo serum with some success.
In some cases, dogs can have Parvo without showing any symptoms. They will not be affected by the disease, but they are capable of spreading it and their feces will be contaminated with the virus.
. A vaccine is available for Parvo. The vaccine is usually given with several other vaccines, including distemper. Vaccination usually begins at 8 weeks of age, and repeated every 3-4 weeks until the puppy is sixteen weeks old, and then given annually. There is some controversy as to whether vaccinating too often may actually weaken a dog’s immunity to Parvo. research is currently being done in this area. Until then, your vet will help you decide what is right for your dog.
Veterinarians can run a titre to determine the strength of a particular dog’s immunity to Parvo. Dogs should be tested for immunity to Parvo before being brought in to an area where a previously infected dog has been.
Hope this helps.....
posted 08-19-2002 09:26 PM
More about Pravo.....
Parvovirus is a viral disease of dogs. It affects puppies much more
frequently than it affects adult dogs. The virus likes to grow in rapidly
dividing cells. The intestinal lining has the biggest concentration of rapidly
dividing cells in a puppy's body. The virus attacks and kills these cells,
causing diarrhea (often bloody), depression and suppression of white blood cells
-- which come from another group of rapidly dividing cells. In very young
puppies it can infect the heart muscle and lead to "sudden" death.
Parvovirus is probably the most common viral illness of dogs at the present
time. It is much more common in puppies than it is in adult dogs. It can be very
hard to successfully vaccinate a puppy for this disease because the antibody
protection the puppy acquires from its mother can interfere with vaccination.
Many vets recommend vaccinating puppies every three to four weeks for this virus
starting at 6 weeks of age and continuing until they are at least 16 weeks of
age and preferably 20 weeks of age. It is possible that this vaccine confers
lifelong immunity once it does work but most veterinarians continue to recommend
yearly vaccination for it. It seems prudent to at least get the vaccination at
one year of age. Since it is combined with the other vaccines it is often easier
just to give it yearly with them.
What are the symptoms of Parvo?
"Parvo" is a virus that attacks the lining of the digestive system. It
causes dogs and puppies to not be able to absorb nutrients or liquids. Puppies
are especially prone to it because they have an immature immune system. When
dogs and puppies contract parvo, they often have diarrhea, vomiting and
lethargy. Usually they stop eating and develop a bloody, foul-smelling, liquid
Symptoms usually begin with a high fever, lethargy, depression, and loss of
appetite. Secondary symptoms appear as severe gastrointestinal distress, such as
vomiting and bloody diarrhea. In many cases, dehydration, shock, and death
Parvovirus is characterized by severe, bloody diarrhea and vomiting, high
fever and lethargy. The diarrhea is particularly foul smelling and is sometimes
yellow in color. Parvo can also attack a dog's heart causing congestive heart
failure. This complication can occur months or years after an apparent recovery
from the intestinal form of the disease. Puppies who survive parvo infection
usually remain somewhat un-healthy and weak for life.
How is Parvo transmitted?
Canine parvovirus is carried by dogs. Adult dogs may be infected carriers
without showing any clinical signs. Dogs with the typical diarrhea that
parvovirus causes shed the virus as well. It can last a long time in the
environment, perhaps as long as 9 months or longer.
Generally, it takes 7-10 days from the time of exposure for dogs and puppies
to start showing symptoms and to test positive for parvo.
Parvo is highly contagious to unprotected dogs, and the virus can remain
infectious in ground contaminated with fecal material for five months or more if
conditions are favorable. Extremely hardy, most disinfectants cannot kill the
virus, however chlorine bleach is the most effective and inexpensive agent that
works, and is commonly used by veterinarians.
The ease with which infection with Parvo can occur in any unvaccinated dog
must be stressed. The virus is extremely hardy in the environment. Withstanding
wide temperature fluctuations and most cleaning agents. Parvo can be brought
home to your dog on shoes, hands and even car tires. It can live for many months
outside the animal. Any areas that are thought to be contaminated with parvo
should be thoroughly washed with chlorine bleach diluted 1 ounce per quart of
Dogs and puppies can contract parvo even if they never leave their yards.
Parvo virus, despite what you might hear, is NOT an airborne virus. It is
excreted in the feces of infected dogs, and if someone -- human, dog, bird, etc.
-- steps in (or otherwise comes in contact with) the excrement, the possibility
for contamination is great. Some people speculate that birds invading a dog's
food dish can deposit the parvovirus there. If you think you may have come in
contact with parvovirus, a strong solution of bleach and water does kill the
virus, so you can wash your shoes and clothes, even your hands with it, to
reduce the risk of infecting your dog.
Rest assured that parvovirus is specific to dogs alone and cannot be
transmitted to humans or other pets of a different species, such as cats.
How is Parvo treated?
Without intense treatment, the victims of parvo die of dehydration. Treatment
generally consists of IV or sub-cutaneous fluids and antibiotics. There is
no cure. Veterinarians can only treat the symptoms palliatively, and try to
keep the dog alive by preventing dehydration and loss of proteins. As there is
no cure for any virus, treatment for parvo is mostly that of supporting the
different systems in the body during the course of the disease. This includes
giving fluids, regulating electrolyte levels, controlling body temperature and
giving blood transfusions when necessary.
Dogs who have survived parvo can get it again. In the case of some puppies, a
puppy testing negative for Parvo one day could succumb to the virus within a
matter of days. It strikes fast and without mercy. Dr. Cathy Priddle has warned
that sulfa drugs have been known to cause dehydration in dogs, suggesting that
animals infected with parvovirus should not be given sulfa drugs.
You may also consult a homeopathic or naturopathic veterinarian for
alternative Parvo treatments. There are some natural and homeopathic treatments
for Parvo on the retail market. Amber Technology offers Parvaid,
an all natural herbal formula that the manufacturer claims has helped some
animals overcome Parvo.
Will my dog die if he gets Parvo?
This is a very serious disease. Some puppies infected with parvovirus
will die despite prompt and adequate treatment. While no extremely accurate
statistics are available, a good guess is probably that 80% of puppies treated
for parvovirus will live. Without treatment, probably 80% or more of the
infected puppies would die.
Due to the high death rate, parvovirus gets a lot of free publicity. Many
people just assume that any case of diarrhea in a dog is from parvovirus. This
is not true. There are a lot of other diseases and disorders that lead to
diarrhea. If you have a puppy, don't take any chances. Have your puppy examined
by your vet if diarrhea is a factor in any disease. It is better to be safe than
to be sorry.
If your dog becomes infected with parvovirus, he has about a 50-50 chance of
survival. If he makes it through the first three to four days, he will usually
make a rapid recovery, and be back on his feet within a week. It is vital,
however, that he receives supportive therapy immediately. It must be stressed
that this is not a bad case of doggy flu; without medical treatment, most
Are some breeds more susceptible than others?
For some reason, Rottweilers, Doberman Pinschers, and other black and tan
breeds are especially prone to Parvo, and seem to succumb to parvo faster and
with less chance of recovery than any other breed. If you have one of these
breeds, it's even more important to make certain your puppy or dog gets
immunized properly. But these breeds are not alone -- the Parvovirus can affect
How do I prevent the spread of Parvo?
The surest way to avoid parvo infection in your dog is to adhere to the
recommended vaccination schedule which begins when puppies are 6-8 weeks of age.
Puppies should not be allowed to socialize with other dogs or frequent areas
where other dogs have been until 2 weeks after they have had their last
vaccination. Immunization for parvo is usually included in your dog's distemper
vaccine. This shot gives protection against several potentially fatal canine
diseases all at the same time.
If your pet becomes infected, please keep in mind that dogs with parvo shed
the virus in their feces and are extremely contagious to other dogs. Follow
these recommendations to help prevent the spread of this disease.
What If I've got Parvo in my home?
If you have had parvo in your home, use a strong bleach/water solution to
kill it. Soak the yard with it -- better to kill the grass than your next dog!
Be careful using it on carpets and fabrics, though. Parvo can live up to 6
months or so in your home or yard. Before you bring home another dog, be sure it
has a strong immunity to parvo. You can have a veterinarian draw blood and run a
titre to find out how well your prospective dog will fare in a parvo-infected
environment. Adult dogs generally have a higher resistance than puppies do, but
they need to be kept current on their vaccines. If in doubt, have your vet do
[This message has been edited by Auspetian (edited 08-20-2002).]
posted 08-20-2002 12:03 AM
I think the intestinal situation is called Intusseption. Requires surgery.
As for cleansers for Parvo around the home, etc, you can buy any one of these online from Labriarvet, and others, and kennels and agriculture facilities use these. Bleach cannot be used in every environment, and it IS BIODEGRADABLE, meaning the heat and sun break it down, therefore not always a good thing with a viral entity esp; you want RESIDUAL action;
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