General fish care tips
ordinary water may be put directly into the tank without further
More often, though, the condition of the water is unsuitable due to the
of chlorine and an excess of dissolved gases. Conditioning the water is a
is condition, or aged, simply by having its stand for a week or two in
tank before introducing any fish. The conditioning process facilitates an
of gas between the water and air, permits fine organic particles to settle
fish parasites to die before finding a host, and gives time for bacteria
in the water to
strike a balance. Your local pet shop will have chemicals to remove
chloramine from the water.
not be alarmed should the water become cloudy after a few days. This is a
completely natural phenomenon attributable to an increased bacterial count
will clear itself within a week. Your aquarium shop might have
bacterial cultures which you can inoculate the tank and achieve a
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best temperature for individual freshwater aquarium fish varies among
but a temperature range between 74 and 78E (23 – 26EC) seems suitable to
Waters of higher temperatures have an increased bacterial count and a
dissolved oxygen. Sudden temperature changes tend to cause shock and
followed by disease.
heaters should have outside adjustment for controlling temperature and
well built contrivance for fastening the heater to the side of the
aquarium. Multiply by
5 the gallons of water the aquarium contains to calculate the correct
heaters are not available in 5 watt multiples, get the closest you can.
tank needs a thermometer. Many thermometers are fixed or float inside
tank. Newer strip thermometers adhered to the outside of the tank and
colors to donate temperature changes.
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be a natural or artificial, is mandatory for successful maintenance of an
About 12 hours of light per day is optimum. Fish need light to see, feed,
Light also has a definite effect on the fish's’ color. Dull illumination
is sufficient for most
fish but more adequate lighting is a necessity for plants. Artificial
light may supplement
natural light or be used as the sole light source. The control of plant
growth and the
suppression of plankton and algae are easier with artificial light only.
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aquarium should be located in a position to take advantage of any
daylight, but not direct sunlight. Near a window is preferable, but the
not be in a position where the sun shines directly into its and over heats
Elevated temperatures kill both fish and plants.
locations near heaters and radiators that can warm the tank and
overheating. Air conditioner events and other drafty spots must be shunned
well as rooms, such as kitchens, that experienced abrupt fluctuations in